An endocrinologist is a specialist who deals with the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of endocrine system pathologies. The endocrine system includes the internal secretion glands: thyroid, parathyroid, pituitary, adrenal glands, pancreas, and others.

Diseases of the endocrine system can develop asymptomatically for a long time, or their symptoms may be similar to those of other diseases. The danger of endocrinological diseases lies in the fact that they can lead to irreversible changes in the functioning of the body, requiring complex, prolonged, often lifelong treatment. It is extremely important to identify malfunctions in the endocrine system at pre-symptomatic stages to prevent their further development and reduce the risk of complications.

We recommend that everyone visit an endocrinologist at least once every 2-3 years, and it is essential for women planning a pregnancy or suffering from infertility.

  • When is an Endocrinologist Consultation Necessary?

    • If you feel discomfort in the neck area, a sensation of a "lump in the throat," which intensifies when swallowing;
    • If you notice weakness, increased fatigue, drowsiness, forgetfulness, apathy, poor mood;
    • Increased dryness of the skin, more brittle nails, hair becoming thinner, dull, falling out, the appearance of edema, weight gain;
    • Increased heart rate, increased emotionality, feeling of internal tremor;
    • Increased eye dryness, sensation of "sand" in the eyes, tearing;
    • If you have excess or insufficient weight, sharp weight changes over a short period of time;
    • If you feel dryness in the mouth, thirst, weakness, heaviness in the head;
    • With frequent urination, the appearance of skin itching, boils, fungal infections, vision disturbances;
    • In cases of menstrual cycle disorders, infertility, discharge from the mammary glands outside of pregnancy, increased irritability, frequent headaches;
    • In cases of decreased libido and potency, male infertility, enlarged breasts and active hair loss on the face and body in men;
    • If you have joint pains and reduced mobility;
    • In cases of early menopause (before 50 years), bone fractures occurring with minimal trauma. In case of acne, increased oiliness of the skin and hair, hair loss, excessive hair growth on the face, chest, inner thighs;
    • With elevated blood pressure before the age of 45, crisis course of hypertension, difficult to correct with traditional antihypertensive drugs;
    • In case of severe adaptation to cold or heat;
    • In cases of attention concentration disorders;
    • With sudden, unjustified mood swings.
  • What Happens During the Appointment:

    At the initial appointment, the doctor will listen to the reasons for your visit, whether it is specific complaints about your well-being or a desire to undergo preventive examination, then the specialist will collect anamnesis, asking clarifying questions to the patient.

    After that, an examination is conducted, during which the doctor palpates the lymph nodes and the thyroid gland of the patient. This is a primary method of diagnosis. By hand, the doctor can determine if the gland is enlarged, whether the lymph nodes are normal. During palpation, the doctor can also feel a tumor. Measuring pulse and blood pressure is also mandatory. At the end of the appointment, the doctor makes a preliminary diagnosis and prescribes examination: diagnostic tests and laboratory studies. At a follow-up consultation, the endocrinologist will develop an optimal treatment plan for you, explain how to properly monitor your condition, what to do in case of certain symptoms. Based on the examination results, the doctor will determine the need for hospitalization. In some cases, surgical intervention may be required.

    Many diseases of the endocrine system require systematic control, observation, or correction of the chosen treatment scheme. If the need for control arises, the doctor will advise you on how often to come for an appointment.

  • Regular Endocrinologist Consultations are Recommended for:

    • patients with excess weight;
    • women planning a pregnancy;
    • women in menopause and men in andropause;
    • patients under 40 years old with elevated blood pressure;
    • relatives of people with diabetes and thyroid cancer;
    • amateur athletes aiming to improve performance, as well as those who use anabolic steroids.
  • Causes of Hormonal Disorders:

    • Genetic factor plays one of the key roles among patients and their sick older relatives;
    • The environmental component adversely affects the health of the endocrine system, which is impacted by various industries and other achievements of progress. The most severe situation is in large cities, where a huge number of enterprises pollute the air, water, and soil with their activities;
    • The microclimate of some regions contributes to the development of pathologies in the glands of internal secretion. If there is a lack of iodine in a certain area, it will affect the people living there;
    • The danger of alcohol and tobacco is often underestimated. These harmful habits equally affect the entire human body, including the hormonal system. Tar, cigarette smoke, and ethanol, penetrating inside, begin to destroy the cells of organs, tissues, and endocrine glands. A lack of vitamins and microelements, often missing in the diet of a modern person, can disrupt the synthesis of hormones;
    • All stresses, psychoemotional neuroses, and traumas threaten the disorder of the nervous and endocrine systems.

Specialists in the Field

Victoria Vladimirovna Melnikova
Victoria Vladimirovna Melnikova

Deputy Director for Medical Affairs